Saudi Arabia’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Ambassador Abdullah Al-Muallimi, delivered a speech on Monday at the Security Council session on the Middle East reiterating Saudi Arabia’s clear position on igniting any strife or war in the region, stressing that “we do not seek war and we do not want it or ignite it, but at the same time we will not hesitate to protect our lands nor to defend our citizens and the capabilities of our country by all legitimate means”.
Al-Muallimi also stressed Saudi Arabia’s belief in the principle of dialogue and the peaceful resolution of disputes, “but any call for dialogue should be consistent with an effective cessation of threats and hostilities”.
Al-Muallimi said that the countries calling for dialogue should reject policies based on exporting the revolution and creating sectarian groups in the countries in preparation for intervening in their affairs.
At the beginning of his speech, Al-Muallimi explained that Saudi Arabia witnessed on September 14 attacks on pumping stations belonging to the Saudi “Aramco” using Iranian weapons causing a decrease of oil production by nearly 50%, confirming that this act of aggression is a flagrant violation of international laws and customs, and an attack on International peace and security that requires a historic position from the international community.
Al-Muallimi pointed out that these attacks are a major threat to the supply of oil to world markets, and therefore a threat to the international economy, not only to Saudi Arabia, highlighting that Saudi Arabia was able to remedy the consequences of these attacks and restore production to normal in record time.
The Palestinian case
In addition, Al-Muallimi pointed out that the world, from the last century to the present day, has not experienced a protracted crisis such as that of Palestine crisis, suffering such as that of the Palestinian people, or oppressive occupation policies such as those of Israel, and that despite Israel’s accession to the United Nations, it paid no attention to the decisions of this international organization and its Security Council, which was established to maintain international peace and security.
Al-Muallimi explained that the Israeli occupation government is still practicing its horrendous violations against human rights in Palestine in the eyes of the whole world, confirming that the principle of imposing the fait accompli on which Israel ‘s policies are based should be changed in order to reach a solution to the biggest crisis in the world that has afflicted the fate of an entire people.
Al-Muallimi also said that Palestine and its people suffered the most horrible aspects of the occupation in our modern age, but the Palestinian people did not give up seeking a just solution to its case, pointing out that addressing this crisis should be done by addressing the main reason, which is the Israeli occupation and its hostilities.
Al-Muallimi expressed Saudi Arabia’s emphasis on the Palestinian issue as a starting point for the stability of the region, and that any solution to the crisis should be based on a two-state solution in accordance with international references and the 2002 Arab Peace Initiative, which guarantees the establishment of a Palestinian state on the borders of June 4, 1967 with Jerusalem as its capital, the return of refugees, and the end of Israel’s occupation of the occupied Syrian Arab Golan and the occupied Lebanese territories.
Turkish military operations in northern Syria
Al-Muallimi expressed his country’s welcome to the agreement to establish the constitutional committee in Syria and start its work, confirming that this step heralds moving forward to a political solution to end the suffering of the Syrian people and ensure the safe and voluntary return of refugees in accordance with international standards.
Al-Muallimi pointed to Saudi Arabia’s condemnation of Turkish military operations in northern Syria, as it is important not to take any measures that may aggravate the Syrian crisis and the suffering of the Syrian people, undermine international efforts in combating the Islamic State terrorist organization in those areas, and threaten the territorial integrity of Syria.
Al-Muallimi reiterated Saudi Arabia’s demand to confront the armed militias and expel them from Syria, which adopt foreign agendas that seek to destroy Syria and make it a scene of destabilizing the region’s security and safety, calling on the international community to unite against any unilateral measures that may hinder the political solution in Syria in accordance with Council Resolution 2254.
The Yemeni Issue
On the Yemeni issue, Al-Muallimi said, “Saudi Arabia provides full support to the Yemeni government and the Yemeni people in light of the crisis in Yemen and in various fields in order to reach a comprehensive political solution and restore stability to Yemen. This has been recently demonstrated by Saudi Arabia’s provision of $500mn through the United Nations to support the Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan for 2019, which has reached more than $14bn since the beginning of the crisis”.
Al-Muallimi referred that Saudi Arabia has hosted a dialogue between the Yemeni government and the Southern Transitional Council, bringing the views on resolving the Yemeni crisis closer and confronting the Iranian-backed Houthi coup.
The Riyadh agreement, which is expected to be announced soon, has resulted in political competencies-led new development phase for the government of Yemen, which includes twenty-four ministers whose task is to unify ranks and harness the state institutions to serve the Yemeni people and work to meet their living needs.