Aramco IPO proceeds to fund Saudi industry, including defense

Saudi Minister of Finance Mohammed al-Jadaan.

Saudi Arabia to pump the proceeds from last month’s IPO of Saudi Aramco into the local economy over several years. This includes building up the domestic defense industry amid tensions with Iran, its finance minister said on Tuesday.

Mohammed al-Jadaan told Reuters there were “serious efforts” to reduce antagonism between Washington and Tehran.

Especially after the killing of top Iranian general in a US air strike. Iran also retaliated with missile attacks against American bases in Iraq.

“If you look at history, we in this region managed to weather through worse geopolitical situations, including actual, real wars,” He said in an interview on the sidelines of the World Economic Forum.

“We in Saudi have to focus on the economy and reform … We firmly believe the disputes can only be resolved by dialogue.”

String of attacks

There’re a string of attacks last year on tankers in Arabian Gulf waters and Saudi Arabian oil sites, including the world’s largest oil processing facility. This pierced Saudi Arabian defenses and threatened to derail a reform agenda aimed at diversifying the economy away from oil.

Riyadh and Washington blame the strikes on Iran, which denies involvement. However, it threatened to close the Strait of Hormuz shipping channel in retaliation for sanctions placed on its crude exports by Western powers.

The United States is sending additional military forces to Saudi Arabia. France has also deployed a radar system to bolster the kingdom’s air defenses.

Even before the recent tensions, Riyadh had begun a drive to localize 50% of military spending. It was led by Saudi Arabian Military Industries, owned by the state Public Investment Fund (PIF).

With nearly $30 billion coming into PIF coffers from Aramco’s local share offering last month, new and existing local industries, including defense and technology, will get a boost in capital, al-Jadaan said.

“We work with our military industry to develop our own military assets in the mid-term to deal with these risks, including investment by PIF,” he added.

Healthier oil prices

The Saudi Arabian economy, the largest in the Arab world, remains dominated by hydrocarbon revenues despite plans to diversify. It has suffered in recent years because of low oil prices and austerity measures aimed at reducing a huge budget deficit.

Al-Jadaan said he expected to see healthier oil prices in 2020 due to solid demand, reduced output and easing trade tensions.

He also predicted a smaller deficit by the end of the year than announced last month. When Riyadh said it could face a deficit of nearly $50bn this year.

Yet the IMF on Monday lowered its forecast for Saudi Arabia’s economic growth to 1.9% this year. This is due to output cuts agreed last month with the OPEC+ group of oil producers. Saudi Arabia has said it expects growth of 2.3 percent.

“Our focus is firmly on non-oil GDP growth, with focus on tourism, entertainment, sports, technology and financial sector,” al-Jadaan said.

He said the presidency of the G20, Saudi Arabia assumed, is an important step towards resolving the region’s problems.

“It is critical the world’s attention is brought to the Middle East,” said Jadaan. “If you deal with some of the regional problems, it will be a relief for the world.”